At the return of Christ, when the body reunites with the soul, is the body glorified? Does the glorified body experience physical pleasure in heaven? Is the body in hell a glorified body? Does a body experience physical pain in hell?
Thank you for your questions! Catechism paragraphs 988 to 1041 provide an excellent explanation of death, resurrection and final judgement using the constant teachings of the Church along with numerous biblical references. Therefore, my answer will be somewhat pithy.
At the return of Christ, all bodies, alive and dead, will receive their resurrected bodies. Members of Christ’s body (the saved) will receive a glorified body that will experience physical pleasure in heaven. Those outside Christ’s body (the damned) will receive an incorruptible body that will feel the fires of hell. Though both bodies will be incorruptible, only the saved will glorified. St. Thomas Aquinas distinguishes between these two states by using the words “passible” (capable of feeling pain) and “impassable” (incapable of feeling pain).
St. Thomas states, “It is written (1 Corinthians 15:52): “The dead shall rise again incorruptible;” where a gloss says: “The dead, i.e. sinners, or all the dead in general shall rise again incorruptible, i.e. without the loss of any limbs.” Therefore, the wicked will rise again without their deformities.” “Further, the damned will be punished with an everlasting punishment both in soul and body (Matthew 25:46): “These shall go into everlasting punishment.” But this would not be possible if their bodies were corruptible. Therefore, their bodies will be incorruptible.” “Further, even as the body co-operates with the soul in merit, so does it co-operate in sin. Now on account of the former co-operation not only the soul but also the body will be rewarded after the resurrection. Therefore, in like manner the bodies of the damned will be punished, which would not be the case were they impassible. Therefore, they will be passible.”